It’s only understandable that dental implants can be somewhat of an unknown to many facing the procedure. There are many reasons (and many questions) as to why someone would be in need of a dental implant: whether these questions are about the latest dental implant technologies, what is the right implant for you, health considerations, the proposed dental implant cost, or quite simply “how do they work?”, dental or tooth implants are a necessary dental procedure for those seeking teeth replacement.
A Brief Overview of Dental Implants
Dental implants, denture implants (there are many variations to the term!) are a surgical component that consists of a titanium anchor fused to the jaw bone. This fusion process is called ‘Osseointegration.’ Once osseointegration has taken place, the implant can be restored with a crown or a bridge connected to the titanium anchor. If performed by a recognised dental implant practice, such as DV Dental, dental implants can be indistinguishable from natural teeth and a pain-free procedure.
So, How Does Osseointegration Work?
Osseointegration is a term fused (rather ironically) from the latin ossum (meaning “bone”) and integrare (meaning “to make whole”). Often performed with titanium implants, early studies revealed the amazing capacity for titanium to fuse with bone, resulting in the widespread usage we see throughout the medical world today.
Although commonly used in dental procedures, osseointegration is the general term for the interface between alloplastic materials and bone. Its usage can be observed in limb replacement docking (for amputees), joint replacement and, of course, teeth.
The process of osseointegration takes place usually over the course of three months, after which time the restorative process of dental implants can begin. In some cases, a provisional crown can be employed during the integration period to eliminate impact on lifestyle in the lead up to the final restoration.
There are two main types of osseointegration techniques in the dental field. The screw-root form design and the plateau-root form design. Both implants are fully integrated into the bone – the differences being initial healing and stability times (and potential costs).
Screw-root design provides stability by the action of the screws against the bone. Implants that possess a screw-root form design result in bone resorption followed by interfacial bone remodelling and growth around the implant.
Plateau-root form design is cylindrical in shape and are usually pushed or tapped into a prepared bone site. They can be a paralleled wall cylinder or a tapered implant design. The type of bone healing exhibited by plateau-root form implants is known as intramembranous-like healing.
Recent advancements in implant technology has seen the use of titanium metal foams introduced into osseointegration. The porous nature of the foam allows for soft tissues adherence and vascilisation within the implant, making for a more biocompatible connection.
What is Jaw Grafting?
Jaw grafting, we are well aware, is not the most approachable of terms. And it can be scary to some. But jaw grafting can be a painless procedure when performed by an experienced oral surgeon.
Often used by dentists, jaw grafting is a required process when increased strength and support is needed for a dental implant. Bone grafting is often used when the patient’s jawbone demands more strength, stability or depth for the dental implant procedure. Bone is sourced from the body, usually the chin or hip, and is fused to the jawbone.
If the procedure is required but not performed, a patient may risk having their implants fail early – or risk possible infection. Your dental surgeon will provide you with the necessary information (the risks, the benefits) during the consultation period.
DV Dental has vast experience and expertise in dental implant procedures, and we are regarded as one of the leading Perth dental implants practices. When you visit DV Dental, you can be assured that we will make your dental visit as welcoming and comfortable as possible.
Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. Before proceeding, you should seek a second opinion from an appropriately qualified health practitioner.